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世界杯太精彩了,带大家用Python做个足球游戏,边玩游戏边看比赛

bensvender 发表于: 2022-12-20
发帖

Python零基础快速制作足球游戏(附源代码)
前言
卡塔尔世界杯正是进行得火热,十六强队伍已经诞生,后面就是越来越紧张的争夺八强的淘汰赛。目前爆冷的赛果让球迷一度情绪失落,比如:日本2-1战胜西班牙,韩国2-1战胜葡萄牙。

这正是足球的魅力所在,结果只会给更努力的一方,过去的成绩在比赛不在起决定性的作用,亚洲强队越战越强,期望国足能在下届世界杯有出场的机会。

没能看到国足在这届世界杯的球场奔驰,只能用Python制作世界杯足球游戏,让国足可以在游戏里的世界杯上场。国足能否在足球游戏里拿到大力神杯,请看到文末,结果让人惊喜,接下是对源代码简单讲述。

一、Python环境说明
详细的Python安装教程:Python基础(二):不同系统安装Python3_Lansonli的博客-CSDN博客

Python版本:3.9.13

 

主要模块:

pygame

安装步骤:

python -m pip install --upgrade pip


pip install pygame


二、游戏程序说明
1、游戏开始界面
首先游戏需要一个开始界面,为了方便大家操作,设置成了按任意键就可以开始游戏。

def myinit():
   screen = pygame.display.set_mode((769,563))
   g1 = pygame.image.load("g1.jpg").convert()
   g2 = pygame.image.load("hh.png").convert()
   t = 0
   timer = pygame.time.Clock()
   while(1):
       timer.tick(30)
       ticks = pygame.time.get_ticks();
       for event in pygame.event.get():
           if event.type == QUIT:
               pygame.quit()
               sys.exit()
       screen.blit(g1,(0,0))
       t+= 1
       print(t)
       if t > 66:
           break;
       pygame.display.update()
   while(1):
       timer.tick(30)
       ticks = pygame.time.get_ticks();
       for event in pygame.event.get():
           if event.type == QUIT:
               pygame.quit()
               sys.exit()
           if event.type == MOUSEBUTTONUP:
               mouse_up = event.button
               mouse_up_x,mouse_up_y = event.pos
               if mouse_up_x > 245 and mouse_up_x < 469 and mouse_up_y> 368 and mouse_up_y < 470:
                   return
       screen.blit(g2,(0,0))
       pygame.display.update()
游戏开始界面效果如下:

 

2、人物移动规则说明,可支持两位玩家
人物移动规则:

守门员:就在球门边上来回走;
负责上半场的球员:在上半场出现球的时候就往球的位置移动,如果捕获到了球,则往对方球门移动并随机射门,否则随机移动;
负责下半场的球员:在下半场出现球的时候就往球的位置移动,如果捕获到了球,则往对方球门移动并随机射门,否则随机移动;
负责全场的球员:往球的位置移动,如果捕获到了球,则往对方球门移动并随机射门。
操作说明:

一号玩家,WASD + T 射门
二号玩家,方向键 + K 射门
核心代码如下:

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
from __future__ import unicode_literals
from pygame.locals import *
from MyLibrary import *
filename = 'p2.png'
filename2 = 'p1.png'
size_of_player = (32,47.5)
size_of_action = 4
size_of_playground = (1200,850)
dict_ = {(0,0):0,(-1, 0): 3, (1, 0): 0, (0, 1): 2, (0, -1): 1, (-1, 1): 2, (-1, -1): 1, (1, -1): 1, (1, 1): 2};
def player2_AI(myball,player,game_over,player_moving,Reference):
   x_bias,y_bias,X,Y = Reference
   TEMP = [0,0]
   player.direction = list(player.direction)
   keys = pygame.key.get_pressed()
   if keys[K_ESCAPE]: sys.exit()
   if keys[K_UP]: TEMP[0] = -1
   if keys[K_RIGHT]: TEMP[1] = 1
   if keys[K_DOWN]: TEMP[0] = 1
   if keys[K_LEFT]: TEMP[1] = -1
   if keys[K_k] and myball.player == player: myball.kick_off()
   if ([0,0] == TEMP):
       player_moving = False
   else:
       player_moving = True
   if player_moving:
       player.direction = TEMP 
   which_column = dict_[tuple(player.direction)]

   if not game_over:
   # 根据角色的不同方向,使用不同的动画帧
       player.first_frame = which_column * player.columns
       player.last_frame = player.first_frame + player.columns - 1
       if player.frame < player.first_frame:
           player.frame = player.first_frame
       # print(player.direction)
       if player.X >=0  and player.X <= 70 and player.Y >=255 and player.Y <=260:
           if player.direction[0] == 1:
               player.direction[0] = 0
       if player.X >=70 and player.X <=75 and player.Y >=260 and player.Y <=497:
           if player.direction[1] == -1:
               player.direction[1] =0
       if player.X >=0  and player.X <= 70 and player.Y >=497 and player.Y <=502:
           if player.direction[0] == -1:
               player.direction[0] = 0

       if player.X >=1080 and player.X <= 1200 and player.Y >=255 and player.Y <260:
           if player.direction[0] == 1:
               player.direction[0] = 0
       if player.X > 1075 and player.X <= 1080 and player.Y >=260 and player.Y <  503:
           if player.direction[1] == 1:
               player.direction[1] =0
       if player.X >=1080 and player.X <= 1200 and player.Y >=503 and player.Y <=507:
           if player.direction[0] == -1:
               player.direction[0] = 0
       if not player_moving:
           # 当停止按键(即人物停止移动的时候),停止更新动画帧
           player.frame = player.last_frame= player.first_frame 
           player.moving = False;
       else:
           player.moving = True;
           player.velocity.x = player.direction[1] * 2
           player.velocity.y = player.direction[0]*   2
           player.velocity.x *= 1
           player.velocity.y *= 1

       if player_moving:
           X += player.velocity.x
           Y += player.velocity.y
           if X < 0: X = 0
           if X > size_of_playground[0] - 48: X = size_of_playground[0] - 48
           if Y < 0: Y = 0
           if Y > size_of_playground[1] - 88: Y = size_of_playground[1] - 88
           player.X = X + x_bias
           player.Y = Y + y_bias
   # Reference = x_bias,y_bias,X,Y
   Reference[0] = x_bias
   Reference[1]= y_bias
   Reference[2] = X
   Reference[3] = Y
           
def player1_AI(myball,player,game_over,player_moving,Reference):
   x_bias,y_bias,X,Y = Reference
   TEMP = [0,0]
   player.direction = list(player.direction)
   keys = pygame.key.get_pressed()
   if keys[K_ESCAPE]: sys.exit()
   if keys[K_w]: TEMP[0] = -1
   if keys[K_d]: TEMP[1] = 1
   if keys[K_s]: TEMP[0] = 1
   if keys[K_a]: TEMP[1] = -1
   if keys[K_t] and myball.player == player: myball.kick_off()
   if ([0,0] == TEMP):
       player_moving = False
   else:
       player_moving = True
   if player_moving:
       player.direction = TEMP 
   which_column = dict_[tuple(player.direction)]
       # print(player.direction)
       # print(which_column)
   if not game_over:
   # 根据角色的不同方向,使用不同的动画帧
       player.first_frame = which_column * player.columns
       player.last_frame = player.first_frame + player.columns - 1
       if player.frame < player.first_frame:
           player.frame = player.first_frame

       if player.X >=0  and player.X <= 70 and player.Y >=255 and player.Y <=260:
           if player.direction[0] == 1:
               player.direction[0] = 0
       if player.X >=70 and player.X <=75 and player.Y >=260 and player.Y <=497:
           if player.direction[1] == -1:
               player.direction[1] =0
       if player.X >=0  and player.X <= 70 and player.Y >=497 and player.Y <=502:
           if player.direction[0] == -1:
               player.direction[0] = 0


       if player.X >=1080 and player.X <= 1200 and player.Y >=255 and player.Y <260:
           if player.direction[0] == 1:
               player.direction[0] = 0
       if player.X > 1075 and player.X <= 1080 and player.Y >=260 and player.Y <503:
           if player.direction[1] == 1:
               player.direction[1] =0
       if player.X >=1080 and player.X <= 1200 and player.Y >=503 and player.Y <507:
           if player.direction[0] == -1:
               player.direction[0] = 0
       if not player_moving:
           # 当停止按键(即人物停止移动的时候),停止更新动画帧
           player.frame = player.first_frame = player.last_frame
           player.moving = False;
       else:
           player.moving = True;
           player.velocity.x = player.direction[1] * 2
           player.velocity.y = player.direction[0]*  2
           player.velocity.x *= 1
           player.velocity.y *= 1

       if player_moving:
           X += player.velocity.x
           Y += player.velocity.y
           if X < 0: X = 0
           if X > size_of_playground[0] - 48: X = size_of_playground[0] - 48
           if Y < 0: Y = 0
           if Y > size_of_playground[1] - 88: Y = size_of_playground[1] - 88
           player.X = X + x_bias
           player.Y = Y + y_bias

   Reference[0] = x_bias
   Reference[1]= y_bias
   Reference[2] = X
   Reference[3] = Y

3、足球规则
状态说明:

被球员捕获,跟着球员走;
被球员踢出去之后根据球员踢的方向和设定的初速度进行减速运动,如果碰到边界则反方向弹出。
核心代码:

from __future__ import unicode_literals
import sys, time, random, math, pygame
from pygame.locals import *
from math import pow
class ball(pygame.sprite.Sprite):
   def __init__(self):
       pygame.sprite.Sprite.__init__(self)
       self.image_list = []
       self.image = None
       self.frame = 0
       self.old_frame = 0
       self.first_frame = 0
       self.last_frame = 2
       self.direction = list([0,0])
       self.speed = 0;
       self.fetch = False;
       self.f = 1.7
       self.last_time = 0;
       self.player = None
       self.cal = 0
   def _getx(self): return self.rect.x
   def _setx(self,value):self.rect.x = value
   X = property(_getx,_setx)

   #Y property
   def _gety(self):return self.rect.y
   def _sety(self,value):self.rect.y = value
   Y = property(_gety,_sety)

   #position property
   def _getpos(self): return self.rect.topleft
   def _setpos(self,pos): self.rect.topleft = pos
   position = property(_getpos,_setpos)
   def load(self):
       filename = 'ball1.png','ball2.png','ball3.png'
       for x in filename:
        ball = pygame.image.load(x).convert_alpha()
        self.image_list.append(ball)
       self.frame = 0;
       self.old_frame = 2;
       self.image = self.image_list[0];
       self.frame_height = self.image_list[0].get_rect().height
       self.frame_width = self.image_list[0].get_rect().width
       self.rect = Rect(0,0,self.frame_width,self.frame_height);
   def update(self,current_time,rate =30):
       if self.fetch and self.player.moving:
           self.speed = (self.player.velocity.x **2 + self.player.velocity.y **2)**(1/2)
       if self.speed == 0 or (self.fetch and self.player.moving == False):
           return
       if current_time > self.last_time + (4-self.speed//4)*20:
        self.frame += 1
        self.frame %= 3
        self.last_time = current_time
       if self.frame != self.old_frame:
        self.image = self.image_list[self.frame]
        self.old_frame = self.frame
       
   def run(self):
       self.speed -= self.f*0.05;
       self.speed = max(0,self.speed)
       if(self.direction==[0,0]):return;
       # print(self.direction)
       # print(self.speed)
       self.X += ((self.direction[0]*self.speed)/pow((self.direction[1]**2 + self.direction[0]**2),(1/2)))
       self.Y += ((self.direction[1]*self.speed)/pow((self.direction[0]**2 + self.direction[1]**2),(1/2)))
   def fetched(self,player_):
       self.fetch = True;
       if player_ != None:
           self.player = player_
       player = self.player
       if(player.direction[1] >0):
        self.X = self.player.X + self.player.frame_width*3/4
       else :
        self.X = self.player.X - self.player.frame_width/3
       self.Y = self.player.Y + self.player.frame_height -self.frame_height;
   def kick_off(self):
       self.speed = 12
       self.direction[0] = self.player.direction[1]
       self.direction[1]  =self.player.direction[0]
       self.player = None
       self.fetch =False
       self.cal = 0
   def check_bound(self,width,height):
       temp = self.X,self.Y
       if self.X < 0:
           self.X =0
           self.direction[0] = abs(self.direction[0])
       if self.Y < 0:
           self.Y = 0
           self.direction[1] = abs(self.direction[1])
       if self.X >width-34:
           self.X= width-34
           self.direction[0] = -1*abs(self.direction[0])
       if self.Y > height-14:
           self.Y = height-14;
           self.direction[1] = -1*abs(self.direction[1])
       if self.X >=0 and self.X <72 and self.Y >300 - 17 and self.Y <315 - 17:
           self.Y = 300-17
           self.direction[1] = -1*abs(self.direction[1])
       if self.X >1110 and self.X <1200 and self.Y >300 - 17 and self.Y <315 - 17:
           self.Y = 300-17
           self.direction[1] = -1*abs(self.direction[1])
       if self.X >=0 and self.X <72 and self.Y >495 and self.Y <510:
           self.Y = 510 
           self.direction[1] = -1*abs(self.direction[1])
       if self.X >1110 and self.X <1200 and self.Y >495 and self.Y <510:
           self.Y = 510
           self.direction[1] = -1*abs(self.direction[1])
       if((self.X,self.Y) != temp):
           self.speed *= 0.8

4、主方法调取
整合调取上面三大核心代码,游戏运行只需操作该方法文件即可。

注意:全部的源代码会文末链接上,拿来就可以直接运行无需修改。

核心代码:

if __name__ == '__main__':
   pygame.init()
   screen = pygame.display.set_mode((1200, 800))
   pygame.display.set_caption("世界杯足球游戏-大数据联盟")
   font = pygame.font.Font(None, 36)
   myinit()
   timer = pygame.time.Clock()
   n1 = 0
   n2 =0
   screen = pygame.display.set_mode((1200, 800))
   for x in range(10000):
       t = begin_a_game(n1,n2);
       if t == 1:
           n1 +=1
       else:
           n2 += 1

三、游戏运行效果与比赛结果
1、游戏开始界面


2、下届世界杯预测比赛结果


世界杯足球游戏娱乐为主,切勿用它模拟真实比赛结果,以免造成不必要的误判。

文末惊喜:

通过模拟比赛,希望国足下一届世界杯能以3:1的比分战胜日本队。

游戏源代码下载:

https://download.csdn.net/download/xiaoweite1/87242585
————————————————


原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/xiaoweite1/article/details/128179715

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